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這就是日本學生都知道的「校園種姓階級制度」,只要分在底層階級就是大家霸凌的對象…

▼日本學校霸凌或歧視的狀況也相當嚴重,過去不少動漫畫作品、文學小說、電視節目等,都有探討到所謂「廁所飯」的問題。由於這些學生在中午找不到人一起吃飯,一個人吃飯又容易受到他人嘲弄的眼光,便只好躲到廁所,默默吃完自己的午餐…

▼最近,日本節目更擴及討論到現在的「校園種姓制度」(スクールカースト),這在日本其實已經是種專有名詞,可見它的嚴重性,而校園種姓制度指的正是:「學生依據社交能力與外貌等差異,自然產生的排序。」

▼校園種姓大約可粗分成三個階級,第一個階級就是校園裡異性緣很好,也很搶眼的學生。

▼第二個階級則是外貌跟能力都很普通的學生…

▼相對的,第三個階級就是有點土氣,很不起眼,而且得看A段班眼色的學生!

▼這樣的階級當然不具有明文規定,主要是學生間自然而然形成的。有學生在長大後分析自己當時的階級地位,並從外表、讀書、運動、異性緣等方式評點,估算出自己的種姓階級,同時也指出,如果該階級的人做出了「超乎階級的行為」,就可能受到霸凌。

▼節目上,一位高中三年級的女生就描述了一下這三個階級大概都是班上的哪些人,例如第一個階級有不少都是不良少年跟辣妹同學。

▼第二階級就是那些不好不壞,幾乎落在平均值的同學。

▼最底層的就是書呆子,還有那些感覺很陰暗的同學。

▼底層的同學除了會受到上層的欺凌外,令人驚訝的是,老師們往往也會加入帶頭霸凌的行列。在座的29位學生中,就有13位學生舉手,表示自己看過老師對底層的學生特別嚴苛!

▼這時候主持人提問說,那底層的同學為什麼不向老師反映呢?在場的學生便很自然地回答說:「這樣反而會惹到A段班的學生啊!」

▼事實上校園種姓雖然概括成三種階層,但階層中的學生也會再劃分出自己以下的階層,以避免成為霸凌的對象。以這張研究圖表為例,校園種姓就可以分成五階,分別是:

A:不良少年、棒球與足球之類的熱門運動社團

B:不良少年與熱門運動社團的關係人、搞笑或愛玩的人

C:音樂社團、文系社團、冷門運動社團、不良少年與熱門運動社團的跟班

D:宅宅、書呆子、不會運動的人、難以理解的人

E:沒朋友、廁所飯、霸凌對象

只有階層在C以上的學生,也就是一軍、二軍的學生,才會覺得上學真是一件快樂的事情…

▼校園種姓制度在許多動漫畫、文學作品中也有描繪,以熱門漫畫《進擊的巨人》為例,第21集的預告漫畫就把角色的轉換成校園的不同階級,讓大家一窺校園中的各種角色定位。

對不少日本學生來說,也有在第一階級到第三階級間流動的例子,而階級掉落的人下場通常很淒慘…這樣誇張的分類法已經成為了日本校園的一種基礎文化,而你是否也有在香港校園中感受過類似的例子呢?

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