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如果你的「後照鏡這樣調」遲早會發生意外,悲劇發生前必須趕緊讓身邊的家人朋友知道!

當你坐在車裡,看右側後視鏡的時候,畫面一般是這樣的。很多人以為這就是標準的後視鏡調整方法,因為鏡內有1/3自己的車身,2/3顯示你的車右側情況。

▼這種情況下,從車內後視鏡看到的景象是這樣的。

▼從右側後視鏡看到的是這樣。

▼​從右前窗看出去,畫面則是這樣。

▼​​感覺到哪裡不對勁了嗎?注意圖片中標紅的區域,外後視鏡中的紅色區域景物和內後視鏡中的紅區景物是完全相同的。也就是說,你在外後視鏡中看到的不是你的側方,是後方。

​​調整後視鏡,首先要盡可能在安全的區域、車輛靜止時操作。調整左側時,把頭貼近左側車窗,將左側後視鏡向左外展,直到在鏡中看不到自己的車左側翼再停止;調整右側時,把頭挪到車內中央區域,將右側後視鏡向外展,直到在鏡中看不到自己車的右側翼停止。

▼​​看看這樣調整後視野的變化。

▼這台車停放的位置沒有變,但右側出現了一台車,這是之前根本看不到的。將車向前開3米左右,那台車出現在車內後視鏡裡。從這張圖片就可以看出,這台車從車尾到前門都在我們的視野之中。

▼右側外後視鏡也一樣,那台車的車頭和翼子板、前輪等都看得清清楚楚。通過內鏡、外鏡的觀察,我們幾乎沒有漏掉這台車的任何部分。

▼現在將車後倒6米,內後視鏡仍舊可以看見那台車的後翼子板和後輪。

▼右前窗外則能看見那台車的車頭。在這樣的角度,司機幾乎不需要轉頭,就能從余光中看見它。

早在2010年,英國CAR AND DRIVER雜誌就發表過一篇類似的文章。文章中說,1995年時,著名的美國汽車工程師協會(SAE)發表過一篇論文,倡議廣大車主將車外後視鏡的角度調節得儘量外展,儘可能避免視線盲區。文章主張車外後視鏡外展到儘量與車內後視鏡不出現重疊區域。

很多司機習慣在後視鏡中看到自己的車身,但開車途中最不需要看的,其實就是自己的車。只要適應了新的後視鏡調整方法,安全係數就能提升。就算不用安裝盲區監測系統,也能安全開車。

▼兩套後視鏡分工明確,車內後視鏡用主要用來監測從正後方開來的車輛變化情況;兩側的車外後視鏡只用來監測兩側車道的車輛情況。看看下面這張圖片,你一定能夠了解。

途中的藍色車輛為本車。圖1中,當車外後視鏡調到這個位置,鏡中能看到左後方的紅車,而看不到藍色的本車側翼;圖2中,這個位置能看到本車側翼,而左後方的紅車進入了視線盲區;圖3中,車內後視鏡,能清晰看到正後方黃車和某個角度下的右後方綠車;圖4中,儘量外展的位置,當綠車從車內後視鏡消失,立即出現在右外後視鏡中。

圖5是傳統的調鏡角度,右外後視鏡可以看到一點正後方車輛,也能看見本車和右後車道車輛。雖然這樣看起來很有安全感,但盲區很大。

快點調整一下自己的後視鏡,安全開車吧。

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