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印度北部兒童死亡怪症竟是「空腹吃荔枝」

困擾了印度北部荔枝產地醫生多年的兒童怪病,竟然是由於空腹吃荔枝引起的。

都二十多年了,明明健康的孩子突然就不行了、喪失知覺,其中差不多一半的孩子會喪命,讓醫生們不得其解。日前科學家查明,這個神秘怪病的病根就是”空腹吃荔枝”。

美國和印度的科學家從此解開了每年要導致印度北部比哈爾省超過100名孩子喪生的怪病之謎。

科學家們在發表的研究報告中稱,這些孩子都死於”荔枝中毒”。

雖然中國古代早有對服用荔枝的專述,尤其是對不能空腹吃荔枝的告誡。但遠在印度荔枝主產區的孩子們對此一無所知。他們大多家裏很窮,所以當荔枝成熟季節到來時,孩子們就瘋搶著吃熟透掉在地上的荔枝。

隨後荔枝在進入他們體內後,分泌的毒素抑制身體產生葡萄糖,從而給孩子們帶來危害。這些窮孩子們本來身體裏的血糖就低,加上通常還沒吃飯,所以到晚上病發時,他們就會從睡夢中驚醒尖叫。

發病的孩子很快由於急性腦腫而抽搐、失去知覺。

研究人員在檢查這些患病的孩子時,注意到他們發病的樣子與加勒比海地區出現在孩子們身上的一種腦腫和抽搐的病症很像。

那種病是由西非荔枝果引起的。隨後科學家們對荔枝進行化驗,發現荔枝中含有和西非荔枝果肉裏同樣的毒素:次甘氨酸。

現在醫生們告誡當地孩子們的家長:一定要讓孩子晚上吃飯,而且吃荔枝也不能過量。

一旦孩子發生”荔枝中毒”,則需要馬上按低血糖接受救治。

據信,此後每年當地喪生的孩子從幾百人,下降到大約50人。

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